Name: The Last Judgment (detail of Minos)
Artist: Michelangelo Buonarroti
Location: The Sistine Chapel
In 1534 Michelangelo departed for Rome, never to return to Florence. From now on he worked mainly for the Pope. Soon after his arrival, Pope Clement VIII commissioned him to paint the fresco of the Last judgement for the Sistine Chapel (work commenced under Pope Paul III in 1536, completed in 1541). The spirit of the work is totally different from that of the ceiling unveiled 29 years earlier. The optimism and confidence of the ceiling is replaced by the pessimism and emotional turmoil of the altar wall: saints swarm around the Apollo-like figure of Christ, wielding their instruments of martyrdom, seemingly demanding righteous judgement on the sinners stirring to life from the bare earth at the bottom of the picture.